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Who is the ‘Prophet’ mentioned at Deuteronomy; 18:18-19 and John 1:20

There is divergent opinion among Christian and Muslim scholars about  the ‘Prophet’ mentioned at Deuteronomy; 18:18-19 and John 1:20. Both claims are being analysed here:

God speaks to Prophet Moses: “I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and I will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not harken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him”(Deuteronomy; 18:18,19).

Among the prophets which followed Moses, Muhammad is most like Moses where as Jesus had nothing common with Prophet Moses except being a Jew and prophet, (though in Christianity, Jesus is believed to be Son of God, one of the three persons of the Trinity). Moreover, being descendent of Ishmael, Muhammad is among the brethren of Jews, who was like Moses.

That Prophet:

The chief priests and Levites asked John the Baptist, “If you are not the Christ (Messiah), and not Elijah – are you THAT Prophet?” (Bible – John 1:20).
When the chief priests and Levites asked John the Baptist who he was, they asked him in a very strange way. First they questioned him as to whether or not he was the anticipated “Messiah” [Christ in Koine Greek]. He was not the “Messiah” that had hoped for. Next they asked if he was the prophet Elijah and again he tells them, “No.” Now comes the really strange part. Finally, they asked him if he is “That Prophet?”
Are you Christ? – [No]
Are you Elijah? – [No]
Are you THAT Prophet? – [No]
What did they mean by “That Prophet?” We of course, know who the “Christ” is. After all, Christians should know that “Christ” is merely a shortened form of the Koine Greek word “christos,” intended to mean the Hebrew word “Messiah.”
The Jews of two thousand years ago were definitely looking for the Messiah, who it was foretold in their books, would come and lead them to victory over their oppressors and thus gain for them mastery over this world. They were much oppressed under Roman domination and even their own Jewish kings were seen as nothing more than puppets or agents for the disbelievers. Certainly, they would have been most happy to see someone come on the scene who would defeat their Roman masters and slave drivers.
Then the priests and Levites asked John the Baptist if he might be the prophet Elijah, returning back after hundreds of years being away. There was the notion amongst them that Elijah would come back. But again, John the Baptist is denying he is Elijah.
Then, who is he? They wonder at this man living out in the desert and forsaking wealth and luxury and fasting, avoiding the material attractions of life.
Again, they ask John the Baptist who he is. “Are you THAT Prophet?” And one more time he denies being “THAT Prophet,” but then he does tell them about someone who will come after him soon, whom he claims he is not worthy to even unlace his shoes.
However, this does not answer the question, “Who were they expecting besides the Messiah?” Could it be they were looking for someone like Muhammad? (Could be) .
Who is THAT Prophet? -Keep reading and learn who “That Prophet” is and what other proofs can be discovered within the Holy texts to support this idea.

Similarities: Moses & Muhammad :

Muhammad and Moses had a normal birth through father and a mother, while Jesus was miraculously born without any male intervention. (Mathew; 1:18 and Luke; 1:35 and also Qur’an;3:42-47).

Both were married, had children and died natural deaths. Muhammad (peace be upon him) is from among the brethren of Moses being descendent of  Abraham through his sons Ishmael and Isaac respectively.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was unlettered, hence in verbatim repeated the revelations conforming phrase; “Words in the mouth”. Prophet Moses & Muhammad (peace be upon them) brought new laws and new regulations for their people, besides, both were accepted as messengers of God by their people in their lifetime. They ruled over their communities (as kings), they could inflict capital punishment where as Jesus (peace be upon them) said, “My kingdom is not of this world.” (John; 18:36), Jesus was not accepted by most of his people in his life time: “He came unto his own, but his own received him not.”(Gospel of John;1:11) and he (Jesus) did not bring any new laws, Jesus said; “Think not that I have come to abolish the law and the prophets; I have come not to abolish them but to fulfill them..;”(Mathew;5:17-18).

Song of Solomon: Prophet Muhammad is mentioned by name in the Old Testament:

“His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely (Muhammadim). This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.”(Song of Solomon; 5:16). :”Hikko Mamittakim we kullo Muhammadim Zehdoodeh wa Zehraee Bayna Jerusalem.“” In the Hebrew language ‘im’ is added for respect. Similarly ‘im’ is added after the name of Prophet Muhammad to make it Muhammadim. In English translation they have even translated the name of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as “altogether lovely”, but in the Old Testament in Hebrew, the name of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is still present.

Also read more: Who is an other Comforter (Paracletos, Counselor, Advocate, Helper, Redeemer) John;16:7

Who is an other Comforter (Paracletos, Counselor, Advocate, Helper, Redeemer) John;16:7

There is divergent opinion about Comforter  (Greek; Paracletos) predicted by Jesus Christ (John;16:7) among Christian and Muslim scholars, weather it is about Holy Ghost or Prophet Muhammad. Both claims are being analysed here:

Jesus through parables said: “Therefore I say unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.”(Matthew;21:43),“Salt is good: but if the salt has lost its taste, how shall it be restored? It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dung hill; but men cast it out. He that has ears to hear, let him hear”(Luke;14:34-35, also Mathew;5:16, Mark;9:50). “What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the tenants, and will give the vineyard unto others.”(Mark;12:9).This may also be linked with: “Open the gates, that the righteous nation which keeps the truth may enter in”(Isaiah;26:2).

These parables apply to the Jews. They had been the children of the kingdom, or under the reign of God; having his law, and acknowledging him as King. They had been his chosen and peculiar people. But he says that now this privilege should be taken away, and they cease to be the peculiar people of God; and the blessing should be given to a nation who would bring forth the fruits thereof, or be righteous. Keeping in view the Covenant with Abraham (Genesis;12:2,3, 17:10-12, 17:20-21), it obviously refers to the Children of Ishmael, to keep the leadership within the progeny of Abraham.

Spirit of Truth, Glorify Jesus:

“I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth (referring to Muhammad) is come, he will guide you unto all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come. He shall glorify me”(John; 16:12-14). [Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) spoke verbatim the revelations received through angel Gabriel, (Qur’an), he also glorified Jesus Christ]

Comforter:

Paracletos :“And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter (Paracletos), that he may abide with you forever.”(John; 14:16).  [Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) delivered the message of God, (Qur’an), which is available to Christians and all the humanity in original uncorrupted form for their peace and comfort till eternity.]

Witness to the Truthfulness of Jesus:

“But when the Counselor comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness to me;” (John; 15:26). [Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), bore witness of truthfulness of Jesus as messenger of God, he also glorified Jesus Christ]

The Comforter to Come after Jesus Christ:

“Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.”(John;16:7). [Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), came six centuries after departure of Jesus Christ]
Referring these prophesies to ‘Holy Ghost’ is irrelevant, because as per Christian theology ‘Holy Ghost’ was already present (dove upon Jesus) and is considered as one of Trinity. Moreover what ‘new thing’ ‘Holy Ghost’ has brought after departure of Jesus Christ in last 2000 years? (‘Holy Ghost’ is believed to be guiding the Churches).
All these prophesies are clearly applicable to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). As explained earlier, Ahmed” or “Muhammad” meaning “the one who praises” or “the praised one” is almost the translation of the Greek word par-ak’-lay-tos; Periclytos. In the Gospel of John;14:16, 15:26, and 16:7, Jesus (peace be upon him) actually prophesized “Ahmed” by name, word ‘Comforter’ in Greek Paracletos, Periclytos refers to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Allah says in Qur’an: “Those to whom We have given the Scripture (their scholars) recognize this (Muhammad) as they know their own sons. Those who have lost their own souls refuse therefore to believe.”(Qur’an;6:20), “And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said, ‘O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me and giving glad tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed.’ But when he came to them with clear signs, they said, ‘This is evident sorcery!”(Qur’an; 61:6). Ye People of the Book! Why do ye clothe truth with falsehood and conceal the truth while ye have knowledge?”(Qur’an;3:71).

Orthodox Rabbis Say Christianity Is God’s Plan, Vatican Says Stop Evangelizing Jews | Christianity Today

http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2015/december-web-only/orthodox-rabbis-and-vatican-exchange-olive-branches.html

Arguments for Trinity

The Trnitairains claim the doctrine of Trinity to be Biblical, though same Old Testament, the Hebrew Scripture of Jews, consider God to be unique, single not composed of plurality. Here are Arguments form Trniterians for Trinity:

God is a trinity of persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.  The Father is not the same person as the Son; the Son is not the same person as the Holy Spirit; and the Holy Spirit is not the same person as Father.  They are not three gods and not three beings.  They are three distinct persons; yet, they are all the one God.  Each has a will, can speak, can love, etc., and these are demonstrations of personhood.  They are in absolute perfect harmony consisting of one substance. They are coeternal, coequal, and copowerful.  If any one of the three were removed, there would be no God. (See also, “Another Look at the Trinity“)
Jesus, the Son, is one person with two natures: Divine and Human.  This is called the Hypostatic Union.  The Holy Spirit is also divine in nature and is self aware, the third person of the Trinity.
There is, though, an apparent separation of some functions among the members of the Godhead.  For example, the Father chooses who will be saved (Eph. 1:4); the Son redeems them (Eph. 1:7); and the Holy Spirit seals them, (Eph. 1:13).
A further point of clarification is that God is not one person, the Father, with Jesus as a creation and the Holy Spirit as a force (Jehovah’s Witnesses). Neither is He one person who took three consecutive forms, i.e., the Father, became the Son, who became the Holy Spirit.  Nor is God the divine nature of the Son (where Jesus had a human nature perceived as the Son and a divine nature perceived as the Father (Oneness theology).  Nor is the Trinity an office held by three separate Gods (Mormonism).
The word “person” is used to describe the three members of the Godhead because the word “person” is appropriate.  A person is self aware, can speak, love, hate, say “you,” “yours,” “me,” “mine,” etc. Each of the three persons in the Trinity demonstrate these qualities.
The chart below should help you to see how the doctrine of the Trinity is systematically derived from Scripture.  The list is not exhaustive, only illustrative.
The first step is to establish the biblical doctrine that there is only one God.  Then, you find that each of the persons is called God, each creates, each was involved in Jesus’ resurrection, each indwells, etc.  Therefore, God is one, but the one God is in three simultaneous persons.  Please note that the idea of a composite unity is not a foreign concept to the Bible; after all, man and wife are said to be one flesh.  The idea of a composite unity of persons is spoken of by God in Genesis (Gen. 2:24).


There is only one God

The first step is to establish how many Gods exist: one! Isaiah 43:1044:6,8;45:5,14,18,21,2246:947:8John 17:31 Cor. 8:5-6Gal. 4:8-9

  • “I am the LORD, and there is no other; besides Me there is no God,” (Isaiah 45:5).
  • “Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: ‘I am the first and I am the last, And there is no God besides Me,” (Isaiah 44:6).

The Trinity
FATHER SON HOLY SPIRIT
Called God Phil. 1:2 John 1:1,14Col. 2:9 Acts 5:3-4
Creator Isaiah 64:8 John 1:3Col. 1:15-17 Job 33:426:13
Resurrects 1 Thess. 1:10 John 2:1910:17 Rom. 8:11
Indwells 2 Cor. 6:16 Col. 1:27 John 14:17
Everywhere 1 Kings 8:27 Matt. 28:20 Psalm 139:7-10
All knowing 1 John 3:20 John 16:3021:17 1 Cor. 2:10-11
Sanctifies 1 Thess. 5:23 Heb. 2:11 1 Pet. 1:2
Life giver Gen. 2:7John 5:21 John 1:35:21 2 Cor. 3:6,8
Fellowship 1 John 1:3 1 Cor. 1:9 2 Cor. 13:14Phil. 2:1
Eternal Psalm 90:2 Micah 5:1-2 Rom. 8:11Heb. 9:14
A Will Luke 22:42 Luke 22:42 1 Cor. 12:11
Speaks Matt. 3:17Luke 9:25 Luke 5:207:48 Acts 8:2911:12;13:2
Love John 3:16 Eph. 5:25 Rom. 15:30
Searches
the heart
Jer. 17:10 Rev. 2:23 1 Cor. 2:10
We belong to John 17:9 John 17:6 . . .
Savior
1 Tim. 1:12:3;4:10
2 Tim. 1:10Titus 1:4;3:6 . . .
We serve Matt. 4:10 Col. 3:24 . . .
Believe in John 14:1 John 14:1 . . .
Gives joy . . . John 15:11 John 14:7
Judges John 8:50 John 5:22,30 . . .

Therefore, the doctrine of the Trinity is arrived at by looking at the whole of scripture, not in a single verse.  It is the doctrine that there is only one God, not three, and that the one God exists in three persons: Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. An analogy would be time.  Time is past, present, and future.  But, there are not three times, only one.

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Lies I Told Myself

I used to believe in the Trinity. I wasn’t trying to say 1+1+1=1. Instead I was saying 1x1x1=1.
Problem: when multiplying, dimensions are automatically introduced. If I calculate the volume of a box, I can say 1 meter x 1 meter x 1 meter = 1 meter squared. 1 meter does NOT equal 1 meter squared. In other words, when numbers are multiplied, something greater — something different — is created. I cannot say 1 meter x 1 meter x 1 meter = 1 meter. As Gods cannot be squared — that would imply that they are not complete or all-encompassing in themselves — the mathematical analogy 1x1x1=1 does NOT apply. (As soon as a number is applied to anything , including God, the dimension factor is introduced. We cannot exclude it.)

By Lois Eaton, Australia: http://focusonthekingdom.org/137.pdf

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